Northeast usa


The Northeast region of the US is typically made up of temperate broadleaved forests and some boreal forests in higher elevations. Forests in this region are commonly managed less intensively than the Southeast US forests. Forests are generally regenerated naturally on harvested and disturbed sites. Due to the cooler climates and topography of the region, growth rates are lower, making rotations longer. Common species include: American beech, balsam fir, eastern white pine, paper birch, sugar maple, white spruce and yellow birch.


Pulpwood, sawlogs and veneer are the three main grades in the northeastern United States. Small logs are used to produce pulpwood, which is the lowest grade product. The wood is used to manufacture paper products. 

Sawtimber is the main product used for building materials, but hardwoods are typically viewed as higher grade or better-quality lumber than softwoods. Veneer is the highest quality and most valuable product in the Northeast. Veneer can be used to make upscale furnishings.

Salm-Schulenburg focuses on producing high value grades. Therefore, we sustainably manage our forests with a long term perspective. In that context, we actively aim at supporting hardwood trees such as cherry or maple.


Higher-value ranges such as hardwood sawlogs and veneer lumber are dominating markets in the northeastern United States.

Pulpwood is generally considered a by-product generated during stand maintenance.  


There are several risks to forests in the Northeast US. Snow and ice from storms can build up and settle, resulting in broken tree tops and limbs. Insects, particularly Pine Beetles and more recently, the Emerald Ash Borer, have been implicated in widespread forest damage.

Operative and Market risks exist, and are mitigated by careful selection of timber properties, as well as tree diversification. Especially important are the long-term relationships we have cultivated with local logging companies and timber buyers and contractors, who assist us in daily forest management. These factors pay off in times of difficult market conditions.

By carefully selecting every partner we work with, we minimize operational risks. Moreover, we attach importance to a transparent and stringent organization of internal and external daily workflows.

pacific northwest uSA


The Pacific Northwest is a highly productive timber growing region. Most managers focus on Douglas fir and western hemlock species for commercial production. Douglas fir is managed in plantations similar to the US South: chemical site prep, artificial regeneration, intermediate treatments and even-age rotations (40-60 years). 


Typically, in this region products are classified into two classes: Pulpwood, the smaller and lesser valuable product, and Sawtimber, the large and more valuable product. Additionally, sawlogs are harvested for exports, though the specs tend to remain the same as sawtimber.

Since all of our forests are certified, we are able to deliver all product classes to wood processing facilities that only accept certified timber. 

Timber Markets

Markets in the Northwest are composed of two components. There are domestic mills (sawmills and pulpmills) as well as export markets (logs). The Pacific Northwest produces a lot of volume that is exported to Asian markets. It is much more efficient to ship from the Western coast to those markets.


The region is susceptible to wildfires, especially in more inland areas or during drought years. The coastal area of the Pacific Northwest (Washington & Oregon) is considerably more damp throughout the year, limiting fire exposure. Pests such as the Mountain Pine beetle also have effects on the inland areas.